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Title: Correlating mass physical properties with ALOS reflectance spectra for intertidal sediments from the Ba Lat Estuary (northern Vietnam): an exploratory laboratory study
Authors: Nguyen, Thi Ngoc
Koike, Katsuaki
Nguyen, Tai Tue
Keywords: Physical;ALOS;Intertidal sediments
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: SPRINGER, 233 SPRING ST, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA
Abstract: Characterization of the sediment composition of tidal flats and monitoring of their spatiotemporal changes has become an important part of the sustainable management of coastal environments. To accurately classify sediments through remote sensing, a comprehensive understanding of sediment reflectance spectra is indispensable. The present laboratory-based study explores the performance of the high spatial resolution (10×10 m) Advanced Land Observing Sat-ellite (ALOS) launched in 2006. Relationships between re-flectance spectra (bands 1 to 4) and four typical mass physical properties were investigated under wet and dry experimental conditions for intertidal sediments sampled near the Ba Lat Estuary in northern Vietnam. Reflectance in the near-infrared region corresponding to ALOS band 4 (0.76–0.89μm) was found (1) to have a strong negative correlation with sand content (dry wt%) under both wet and dry conditions (linear correlation coefficient r=–0.7859 and–0.8094, respectively), (2) to increase with decreasing relative water content (%) in a given sediment type (r=–0.7748 to–0.9367 for mud, sandy mud, muddy sand, and sand), (3) to have a positive correlation with organic matter content (r=0.7610 and 0.6460 under wet and dry conditions for contents >0.20 dry wt%), and (4) to be insignificantly correlated with mineral composition assessed in terms of contents (wt%) of quartz, clay minerals, and mica groupminerals. Positive relationships between reflectance and water content for the pooled data of all sediment types (r=0.6395) or organic matter content contrast with previous findings, and can be attributed to close interrelationships between these properties and the predominance of sand con-tent as controlling factor of reflectance. This study clarifies that ALOS band 4 provides the most useful imagery for intertidal monitoring because its reflectance, as simulated using the laboratory data, shows the strongest correlation with sand content. In a next step, these experimental findings should be verified by identifying the reflectance relationships at satellite image scales, and also considering the effects of other tidal flat features on reflectance, such asmicrotopography and biological surface characteristics
Description: GEO-MARINE LETTERS Volume: 33 Issue: 4 Pages: 273-284 Published: AUG 2013 ; TNS07221
ISSN: 0276-0460
Appears in Collections:Bài báo của ĐHQGHN trong Web of Science

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