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  • Article


  • Authors: Nguyễn, Hữu Cầu (2002)

  • This paper discusses some of the major questions with regard to types of language competence, the relationship between language 1 (mother tongue) and language 2 (foreign language) as well as elements of language competence in relation to culture. The paper stresses the fact that language competence involves both written and spoken language. In a broad sense, this competence would translate into speaking, listening, reading, writing and translating skills. Also, it is important to keep in mind that the acquisition of speaking and writing in a target language is conditional upon a host of factors apart from socio-cultural knowledge, hence different teaching & learning methods are called for.

  • Article


  • Authors: Kiều, Thị Thu Hương (2005)

  • The English and Vietnamese corpora have shown similarities between English and Vietnamese in terms of preference organization concerning the speech act of disagreeing. Disagreements, structurally marked and thus dispreferred because of their structural complexity and counter-productive effects, are often softened or hedged. However, disagreements to self-denigrations, which are structurally unmarked and thus preferred, are prone to be forthrightly proffered. The two kinds of disagreements seem to work in absolutely opposing directions so th at they can minimize the negative effects and maximize the positive impacts of disagreement tokens to prior self-deprecations. The significant difference is foun...