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  • Authors: Nguyen, Thanh Tung; Nguyen, Sy Minh (2014)

  • Water covers more than 70 % of the entire planet, contains much of its natural resources. With the increasing use of underwater sensors for the exploitation and monitoring of vast underwater resources, underwater wireless sensor network (UWSN), mostly based on acoustic transmission technologies, have been developing steadily in terms of operation range and data throughput. In an energy-constrained underwater system environment it is very important to find ways to improve the life expectancy of the sensors. Compared to the sensors of a terrestrial Ad Hoc Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), underwater sensors cannot use solar energy to recharge the batteries, and it is difficult to replace the batteries in the sensors. This paper reviews the research progress made to date in the area of en...

  • Article


  • Authors: Nguyen, Thanh Tung; Nguyen, Van Duc (2012)

  • A difficult constraint in the design of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) is the limited energy resource of the batteries of the sensors. This limited resource restricts the operating time that WSNs can function in their applications. Routing protocols play a major part in the energy efficiency of WSNs because data communication dissipates most of the energy resource of the networks. There are many energy-efficient cluster-based routing protocols to deliver data from sensors to a base station. All of these cluster-based algorithms are heuristic. The significant benefit of heuristic algorithms is that they are usually very simple and can be utilized for the optimization of large sensor networks. However, heuristic algorithms do not guarantee optimal solutions. This article presents an ...

  • Article


  • Authors: Nguyen, Thanh Tung (2014)

  • Sensor networks are deployed in numerous military and civil applications, such as remote target detection, weather monitoring, weather forecast, natural resource exploration and disaster management. Despite having many potential applications, wireless sensor networks still face a number of challenges due to their particular characteristics that other wireless networks, like cellular networks or mobile ad hoc networks do not have. The most difficult challenge of the design of wireless sensor networks is the limited energy resource of the battery of the sensors. This limited resource restricts the operational time that wireless sensor networks can function in their applications. Routing protocols play a major part in the energy efficiency of wireless sensor networks because data commu...

  • Article


  • Authors: Nguyen, Thanh Tung; Huynh, Thi Thanh Binh (2015)

  • Recently, wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have been progressively applied in various fields and areas. However, its limited energy resources is indisputably one of the weakest point that strongly affects the network’s lifetime. A WSN consists of a sensor node set and a base station. The initial energy of each sensor node will be depleted continuously during data transmission to the base station either directly or through intermediate nodes, depending on the distance between sending and receiving nodes. This paper consider determining an optimal base station location such that the energy consumption is kept lowest, maximizing the network’s lifetime and propose a nonlinear programming model for this optimizing problem. Our proposed method for solving this problem is to co...

  • Article


  • Authors: Nguyen, Thanh Tung; Nguyen, Van Duc; Nguyen, Hai Thanh (2012)

  • Sensor networks are deployed in numerous military and civil applications, such as remote target detection, weather monitoring, weather forecast, natural resource exploration and disaster management. Despite having many potential applications, wireless sensor networks still face a number of challenges due to their particular characteristics that other wireless networks, like cellular networks or mobile ad hoc networks do not have. The most difficult challenge of the design of wireless sensor networks is the limited energy resource of the battery of the sensors. This limited resource restricts the operational time that wireless sensor networks can function in their applications. Routing protocols play a major part in the energy efficiency of wireless sensor networks because data commu...