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Title: Enhanced mechanical and thermal properties of polystyrene nanocomposites prepared using organo-functionalized Ni-Al layered double hydroxide via melt intercalation technique
Keywords: Ni-Al LDH;Polystyrene;Nanocomposites;Tensile test;Thermal degradation kinetics
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: H. : ĐHQGHN
Abstract: The article reports upon the preparation and characterization of organo-functionalized NieAl layered double hydroxide (LDH)-polystyrene (PS) nanocomposites. Initially, pristine NieAl LDH was synthesized via the co-precipitation technique and was subsequently treated using sodium dodecyl sulfate to obtain organo-functionalized NieAl LDH (ONieAl LDH). PS nanocomposites were fabricated by melt interca-lation using a twin screw extruder in presence of ONieAl LDH nanofiller (1, 3, 5, and 7 wt.%). The PS nanocomposites were characterized for their structural, thermal and mechanical properties. The dispersion and morphology of the obtained PS nanocomposites were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Mechanical and thermal properties of the PS nanocomposites as a function of LDH content were examined by tensile tests, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The XRD and TEM results revealed the formation of an exfoliated structure of the PS nanocomposite with 1 wt.% ONieAl LDH loading. The maximum im-provements of the mechanical and thermal properties of the nanocomposites with ONieAl LDH loading over pristine PS included tensile strength¼34.5% (1 wt.%), thermal decomposition temperatures (T15%)-27.4C (7 wt.%), and glass transition temperature (Tg)-4.3C (7 wt.%). The PS nanocomposites possessed higher mechanical strength and thermal degradation resistance compared to the pristine PS. The activation energy (Ea) and reaction mechanismwith respect to thermal degradation of the pristine PS and its nanocomposites were evaluated by the Coats-Redfern and Criado model, respectively.
Description: p. 245-254
ISSN: 2468-2284
Appears in Collections:Advanced Materials and Devices

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