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|Title:||Polyaniline (PANi) as one kind of conducting polymers has been playing a great role in the energy storage and conversion devices besides carbonaceous materials and metallic compounds. Due to high specific capacitance, highflexibility and lowcost, PANi has shown great potential in supercapacitor. It alone can be used in fabricating an electrode. However, the inferior stability of PANi limits its application. The combi-nation of PANi and other active materials (carbon materials, metal compounds or other polymers) can surpass these intrinsic disadvantages of PANi. This review summarizes the recent progress in PANi based composites for energy storage/conversion, like application in supercapacitors, rechargeable batteries, fuel cells andwaterhydrolysis. Besides, PANi derivednitrogen-dopedcarbonmaterials,whichhavebeenwidely employed as carbon based electrodes/catalysts, are also involved in this review. PANi as a promising ma-terial for energy storage/conversion is deserved for intensive study and further development.|
R. Vinoth Kumar
|Keywords:||Polystyrene;Layered double hydroxides;Nanocomposites;Kinetic;Rheology|
|Abstract:||The present work deals with the development of polystyrene (PS) nanocomposites through solvent blending technique with diverse contents of modified CoeAl layered double hydroxide (LDH). The prepared PS as well as PS/CoeAl LDH (1e7 wt.%) nanocomposites were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), rheo-logical analysis, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The XRD results suggested the formation of exfoliated structure, while TEM images clearly indicated the inter-calated morphology of PS nanocomposites at higher loading. The presence of various functional groups in the CoeAl LDH and PS/CoeAl LDH nanocomposites was verified by FTIR analysis. TGA data confirmed that the thermal stability of PS composites was enhanced significantly as compared to pristine PS. While considering 15% weight loss as a reference point, it was found that the thermal degradation (Td) tem-perature increased up to 28.5 C for PS nanocomposites prepared with 7 wt.% CoeAl LDH loading over pristine PS. All the nanocomposite samples displayed superior glass transition temperature (Tg), in which PS nanocomposites containing 7 wt.% LDH showed about 5.5 C higher T g over pristine PS. In addition, the kinetics for thermal degradation of the composites was studied using Coats-Redfern method. The Criado method was ultimately used to evaluate the decomposition reaction mechanism of the nano-composites. The complex viscosity and rheological muduli of nanocomposites were found to be higher than that of pristine PS when the frequency increased from 0.01 to 100 s -1|
|Appears in Collections:||Advanced Materials and Devices|
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