Browsing by Subject Chemistry and Materials Science

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Showing results 16 to 32 of 32
  • 1987.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2008)

  • Presents the advances in the techniques of mechanical testing on the micro- and nanoscales, which are necessary for characterizing the mechanical properties of low-dimensional materials and structures. This book is suitable for engineers and researchers working in the area of mechanical characterization of advanced materials.

  • 720.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2009)

  • The role of molecular catalysts for energy conversion grows more and more important since these have wide applications in fuel cells, electrochemical solar cells, artificial photo-syntheses, and so on. A firm strategy for their design and application is awaited to cope with the expeditious solution of the latest energy and environment issues. This book aims to provide the basis of molecular catalysts useful in energy conversion and environmental protection, and to establish a methods for efficient processing, manufacturing and development. This book will be beneficial for those people who are studying, researching or developing molecular catalysts in energy conversion systems.

  • 2077.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2008)

  • Thanks to the application of methods allowing precise imaging of microbial ecology, the field of food fermentation has experienced exponential growth in the last few years. This has resulted in the availability of new information on the structure and dynamics of the microbial populations during fermented food production. Molecular Methods and Microbial Ecology of Fermented Foods presents the latest findings in microbial ecology as determined by the application of molecular methods, reports the most recent advances in the field, and offers details on primers and protocols most suitable for studying specific food ecosystems. It provides analytical details and suggestions useful in rese...

  • 2116.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Nosonovsky, Michael; Bhushan, Bharat (2008)

  • Multiscale Dissipative Mechanisms and Hierarchical Surfaces covers the rapidly developing topics of hierarchical surfaces, roughness-induced superhydrophobicity and biomimetic surfaces. The research in these topics has been progressing rapidly in the recent years due to the advances in the nanosciences and surfaces science and due to potential applications in nanotechnology. The first in its field, this monograph provides a comprehensive review of these subject and presents the background introduction as well as recent and new results in the area.

  • 2134.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2008)

  • Nanoelectronics and Photonics: From Atoms to Materials, Devices, and Architectures provides a description of the core elements and challenges of advanced and future information technology. By linking the materials physics and chemistry at the atomic scale with device and circuit design and performance requirements, tutorial chapters from leaders in the field present a coherent picture of theoretical and experimental research efforts and technology development in this highly interdisciplinary area. Short visionary articles by Nicolaas Bloembergen, Nobel Laureate in Physics (1981), Konstantin Likharev, distinguished professor at Stony Brook University, and Stanley Williams, senior fello...

  • 2142.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2008)

  • Narrow gap semiconductors have provided an exciting field of research and show a number of extreme physical and material characteristics. They are the established material systems for infrared detectors and emitters, and with new developments in the technology these materials are emerging as a viable route to high speed, low power electronics. New kinds of narrow gap semiconductor, such as graphene and other composite nanocrystals, are also providing renewed interest in the underlying physics. The Thirteenth International Conference on Narrow Gap Semiconductors (NGS-13) was held at the University of Surrey, Guildford, UK in July 2007. The conference brought together experts and you...

  • 764.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2009)

  • Neutron Applications in Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences offers a comprehensive overview of the wide ranging applications of neutron scattering techniques to elucidate the fundamental materials properties at the nano-, micro- and meso-scale, which underpin research in the related fields of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences. Introductions to neutron scattering fundamentals and instrumentation are paired with a thorough review of the applications to a large variety of scientific and technological problems, written through the direct experience of leading scientists in each field. Tailored to a wide audience, this volume provides the novice with an inspiring introduction...

  • 2194.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2008)

  • In the past, most of the research on condensation polymerization was centered on development of methods for the synthesis of high molecular weight polymers. Therefore, reaction control in condensation polymerization was to pursue highly efficient condensation reactions, because high molecular weight polymer is not obtained unless more than 99% of the degree of reaction is attained without side reactions, according to the basic principle established by Carothers and Flory [1–3]. Recent years have seen developments in chemoselective, regioselective, and stereoselective condensation polymerizations as those selective reactions have been developed in organic chemistry.

  • 2196.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2008)

  • Chemical industries have to face the big challenge of finding adequate processes to produce large quantities of new products for which there is a present need, decreasing at the same time both the impact on the environment and the risk of disasters. These issues have led to the establishment of new concepts of sustainable development as affirmed in the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development in the early 90’s and has been the subject of intensive studies in the last two decades. The book addresses this challenge collecting the recent “New Methodologies and Techniques for a Sustainable Organic Chemistry”.

  • 2238.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2008)

  • There is a significant number of nuclear and radiological sources in Central Asia, which have contributed, are still contributing, or have the potential to contribute to radioactive contamination in the future. Key sources and contaminated sites of concern are: The nuclear weapons tests performed at the Semipalatinsk Test Site (STS) in Kazakhstan during 1949–1989. A total of 456 nuclear weapons tests have been perf- med in the atmosphere (86), above and at ground surface (30) and underground (340) accompanied by radioactive plumes reaching far out of the test site. Safety trials at STS, where radioactive sources were spread by conventional explosives. Peaceful nuclear explosions (PNEs...

  • 2274.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2008)

  • One-dimensional (1D) nanostructures, including nanowires, nanotubes and quantum wires, have been regarded as the most promising building blocks for nanoscale electronic and optoelectronic devices. Worldwide efforts in both the theory and the experimental investigation of growth, characterization and applications of 1D nanostructures have resulted in a mature, multidisciplinary field. In this book, a wealth of state-of-the-art information offers the opportunity to uncover the underlying science from diverse perspectives. Leading researchers elucidate the synthesis and properties of 1D nanostructures for various morphologies and compositions (semiconductor, metal, carbon, etc.) as well ...

  • 814.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Merkus, Henk G. (2009)

  • This book focuses on the practical aspects of particle size measurement: a major difference with existing books, which have a more theoretical approach. Of course, the emphasis still lies on the measurement techniques. For optimum application, their theoretical background is accompanied by quantitative quality aspects, limitations and problem identification. In addition the book covers the phenomena of sampling and dispersion of powders, either of which may be dominant in the overall analysis error. Moreover, there are chapters on the general aspects of quality for particle size analysis, quality management, reference materials and written standards, in- and on-line measurement, defin...

  • 837.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2009)

  • Under the general title "Physics and Engineering of New Materials" the book covers experimental and theoretical cutting-edge material-physics oriented topics such as new materials, magnetism, nanostructures, surface physics, carbon nanotubes, photonics, biophysics, large-scale simulations, etc.

Browsing by Subject Chemistry and Materials Science

Jump to: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
or enter first few letters:  
Showing results 16 to 32 of 32
  • 1987.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2008)

  • Presents the advances in the techniques of mechanical testing on the micro- and nanoscales, which are necessary for characterizing the mechanical properties of low-dimensional materials and structures. This book is suitable for engineers and researchers working in the area of mechanical characterization of advanced materials.

  • 720.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2009)

  • The role of molecular catalysts for energy conversion grows more and more important since these have wide applications in fuel cells, electrochemical solar cells, artificial photo-syntheses, and so on. A firm strategy for their design and application is awaited to cope with the expeditious solution of the latest energy and environment issues. This book aims to provide the basis of molecular catalysts useful in energy conversion and environmental protection, and to establish a methods for efficient processing, manufacturing and development. This book will be beneficial for those people who are studying, researching or developing molecular catalysts in energy conversion systems.

  • 2077.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2008)

  • Thanks to the application of methods allowing precise imaging of microbial ecology, the field of food fermentation has experienced exponential growth in the last few years. This has resulted in the availability of new information on the structure and dynamics of the microbial populations during fermented food production. Molecular Methods and Microbial Ecology of Fermented Foods presents the latest findings in microbial ecology as determined by the application of molecular methods, reports the most recent advances in the field, and offers details on primers and protocols most suitable for studying specific food ecosystems. It provides analytical details and suggestions useful in rese...

  • 2116.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Nosonovsky, Michael; Bhushan, Bharat (2008)

  • Multiscale Dissipative Mechanisms and Hierarchical Surfaces covers the rapidly developing topics of hierarchical surfaces, roughness-induced superhydrophobicity and biomimetic surfaces. The research in these topics has been progressing rapidly in the recent years due to the advances in the nanosciences and surfaces science and due to potential applications in nanotechnology. The first in its field, this monograph provides a comprehensive review of these subject and presents the background introduction as well as recent and new results in the area.

  • 2134.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2008)

  • Nanoelectronics and Photonics: From Atoms to Materials, Devices, and Architectures provides a description of the core elements and challenges of advanced and future information technology. By linking the materials physics and chemistry at the atomic scale with device and circuit design and performance requirements, tutorial chapters from leaders in the field present a coherent picture of theoretical and experimental research efforts and technology development in this highly interdisciplinary area. Short visionary articles by Nicolaas Bloembergen, Nobel Laureate in Physics (1981), Konstantin Likharev, distinguished professor at Stony Brook University, and Stanley Williams, senior fello...

  • 2142.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2008)

  • Narrow gap semiconductors have provided an exciting field of research and show a number of extreme physical and material characteristics. They are the established material systems for infrared detectors and emitters, and with new developments in the technology these materials are emerging as a viable route to high speed, low power electronics. New kinds of narrow gap semiconductor, such as graphene and other composite nanocrystals, are also providing renewed interest in the underlying physics. The Thirteenth International Conference on Narrow Gap Semiconductors (NGS-13) was held at the University of Surrey, Guildford, UK in July 2007. The conference brought together experts and you...

  • 764.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2009)

  • Neutron Applications in Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences offers a comprehensive overview of the wide ranging applications of neutron scattering techniques to elucidate the fundamental materials properties at the nano-, micro- and meso-scale, which underpin research in the related fields of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences. Introductions to neutron scattering fundamentals and instrumentation are paired with a thorough review of the applications to a large variety of scientific and technological problems, written through the direct experience of leading scientists in each field. Tailored to a wide audience, this volume provides the novice with an inspiring introduction...

  • 2194.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2008)

  • In the past, most of the research on condensation polymerization was centered on development of methods for the synthesis of high molecular weight polymers. Therefore, reaction control in condensation polymerization was to pursue highly efficient condensation reactions, because high molecular weight polymer is not obtained unless more than 99% of the degree of reaction is attained without side reactions, according to the basic principle established by Carothers and Flory [1–3]. Recent years have seen developments in chemoselective, regioselective, and stereoselective condensation polymerizations as those selective reactions have been developed in organic chemistry.

  • 2196.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2008)

  • Chemical industries have to face the big challenge of finding adequate processes to produce large quantities of new products for which there is a present need, decreasing at the same time both the impact on the environment and the risk of disasters. These issues have led to the establishment of new concepts of sustainable development as affirmed in the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development in the early 90’s and has been the subject of intensive studies in the last two decades. The book addresses this challenge collecting the recent “New Methodologies and Techniques for a Sustainable Organic Chemistry”.

  • 2238.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2008)

  • There is a significant number of nuclear and radiological sources in Central Asia, which have contributed, are still contributing, or have the potential to contribute to radioactive contamination in the future. Key sources and contaminated sites of concern are: The nuclear weapons tests performed at the Semipalatinsk Test Site (STS) in Kazakhstan during 1949–1989. A total of 456 nuclear weapons tests have been perf- med in the atmosphere (86), above and at ground surface (30) and underground (340) accompanied by radioactive plumes reaching far out of the test site. Safety trials at STS, where radioactive sources were spread by conventional explosives. Peaceful nuclear explosions (PNEs...

  • 2274.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2008)

  • One-dimensional (1D) nanostructures, including nanowires, nanotubes and quantum wires, have been regarded as the most promising building blocks for nanoscale electronic and optoelectronic devices. Worldwide efforts in both the theory and the experimental investigation of growth, characterization and applications of 1D nanostructures have resulted in a mature, multidisciplinary field. In this book, a wealth of state-of-the-art information offers the opportunity to uncover the underlying science from diverse perspectives. Leading researchers elucidate the synthesis and properties of 1D nanostructures for various morphologies and compositions (semiconductor, metal, carbon, etc.) as well ...

  • 814.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: Merkus, Henk G. (2009)

  • This book focuses on the practical aspects of particle size measurement: a major difference with existing books, which have a more theoretical approach. Of course, the emphasis still lies on the measurement techniques. For optimum application, their theoretical background is accompanied by quantitative quality aspects, limitations and problem identification. In addition the book covers the phenomena of sampling and dispersion of powders, either of which may be dominant in the overall analysis error. Moreover, there are chapters on the general aspects of quality for particle size analysis, quality management, reference materials and written standards, in- and on-line measurement, defin...

  • 837.pdf.jpg
  • Book


  • Authors: - (2009)

  • Under the general title "Physics and Engineering of New Materials" the book covers experimental and theoretical cutting-edge material-physics oriented topics such as new materials, magnetism, nanostructures, surface physics, carbon nanotubes, photonics, biophysics, large-scale simulations, etc.