UEB - Conference Proceedings : [82]

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Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 82
  • Singh.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Singh, M. (2019)

  • The system building activities for TB diagnostic has evolved and growing in absolute size since the last one decade. Even though these are significant development and achievement, but there are issues that restrict the innovating actors to perform at optimal level as desired by the specific diagnostic needs of the country to achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in terms of healthcare of country. Since the incidence diseases and other health related components are not been addressed through the development of a fully-fledged health innovation system, there is a need to examine the nature and case of various perceived weakness and challenges inherent in the system to meet...

  • UR03_Verma.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Verma, Abhinav (2019)

  • This paper on spatial economic relationships explores the possibility that the formal and informal sectors of an economy are deeply interconnected through buyer-supplier networks and through agglomeration effects. Looking at data on Indian manufacturing, this paper investigates employment and productivity linkages between formal and informal firms and refutes the classical theory of Economic Dualism. Linkages are estimated by using National Sample Survey and Annual Survey of Industries datasets that contemporaneously survey the informal and formal economy respectively at a nationally representative level. Data from 2001 and 2005 is used, and the unit of analysis is at the stat...

  • UR02_Sharma.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Sharma, A. (2019)

  • On October 2, 2014, the Government of India launched a mass campaign called the ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’ (often abbreviated as SBM and loosely translated as Clean India Mission), a major objective of which is to make India ‗open defecation free‘ (hereafter ODF) by 2019. The genealogy of the SBM goes back to the centrally sponsored Rural Sanitation Programme (1986- 1999), followed by the Total Sanitation Campaign (1999-2012), which was replaced by the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (2012-2014). The rationale that has been suggested behind the restructuring and scaling up of the previous mission is to thrust new life into the sanitation programme in order to significantly improve upon the ...

  • UR06_Sinha.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Sinha, Bhavya (2019)

  • The process of capitalist development has been instigated with phased liberalization in increasing doses, particularly with the opening of the domestic economy from the 1980s onwards. Over time, and with increased liberalization, the concept of development has lost its socialist connotations and been collapsed with economic growth; economic growth, in turn, has become a ‘public purpose’ for which social costs are reasoned to be incurred (Levien, 2013). The capitalization of space, in the form of protected enclaves for export production such as SEZs and industrial corridors, has become rhetorical of growth and development in India (Singh, 2012).

  • Paper_SU19_Fardoush.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Fardoush, Zannatul; Zaman, Kazi Arif Uz (2019)

  • Energy security, over the years, is becoming a major apprehension for the policymakers in most of the countries. Limitation of the key resources and commodities in the increasingly demanded globalized energy market pose greater challenges, especially for the growing economies. Comprehensive analyzing and quantifying of the dimensions of energy security risks and their nexus with other policy agendas like the economic growth and governance at the national, regional, and international level would be the key to formulate the strategies in this challenging scenario. Using the International Index of Energy Security Risk (IIESR), this paper attempts to analyze the challenges of energ...

  • Paper_SU18_Jyothiprakash.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Jyothiprakash, Varun; Balachandra, P. (2019)

  • The present research analyses the potential and techno-economic challenges associated with developing hybrid parabolic trough collector solar thermal-biomass energy systems in India. The study assesses the energy requirements of India and contextualizes the discussion on western region. As India is an agricultural country, the biomass resource is abundant. The country is also endowed with abundant solar irradiance. Given this, the first part of the study deals with assessing the potential of hybrid energy system based on the annual average solar irradiance and the surplus biomass residue. The second and the final part of the paper presents the economic assessment of hybrid energ...

  • Paper_SU17_Aziz.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Aziz, Tarak; Akter, Sonia; Brouwer, Roy; Beukering, Pieter J.H. van; French, Laura; Silver, Efrath; Choudhury, Saria; Aziz, Syeda Salina (2019)

  • This study reveals that the two main reasons why respondents refused to participate in the insurance scheme are due to income constraints was also less familiar with the concept of insurance than others (Chi square = 81, p<0.001), whereas respondents who did not want to participate in the insurance programme because they disliked the terms and conditions were more familiar with insurance than other respondents (Chi square = 11, p<0.001).This study furthermore detects a significant positive relationship

  • Paper_SU13_Uledi.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Uledi, Peter (2019)

  • The paper argues that a command economy in a country faced with a crisis will only further worsen the crisis than arrest it. Zimbabwe has been faced with a food crisis in the past decade causing food insecurity and insufficiency. The government introduced the command agriculture scheme in 2014 in an attempt to attaining food self-sufficiency. The paper uses a cause study approach of the Chegutu farming area in understanding, how central planning can affect certain developments. Agreeing with James Scott in His book seeing like a state, a command economy pays a blind eye to the abilities of the governed, their rational, knowledge and at times capacity. The government of Zimbabwe engage...

  • Paper_SU10_Singh.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Singh, Manish Kumar (2019)

  • Poverty is a wicked phenomenon for the society and its reduction has always remained a central objective among the policymakers. It is evident from various available literatures and researches that economic growth has been used as a major instrument to reduce poverty. India, in the recent few years has been growing at a remarkable rate accompanied with reduction in poverty, but it is a major issue of concern among the policymakers that whether these growth rates are increasing the inequality, whether this growth is pro-poor or not? This paper examined the impact of growth and inequality on poverty reduction and estimating the pro-poor growth index and poverty equivalent growth rate fo...

  • Paper_SU09_Marwah Malhotra.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Malh, Madhavi Marwah (2019)

  • With high arsenic contamination of groundwater in West Bengal much beyond permissible limits for irrigation water, and institutional measures aimed at enhancing groundwater pumping to meet the growing food requirements in the country, the long-run sustainability of agricultural production and farmers’ livelihoods in arsenic affected areas are under threat. This study undertakes a comparison of the net incomes of farmers earned from crop production between arsenic affected and non- arsenic affected areas’ agricultural situation. To analyse the differences in the agricultural situation in detail, the non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test for comparing two samples is used. In conclus...

  • Paper_SU15_Sarkar.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Sarkar, Soma (2019)

  • Struggle for water, in a caste-based society like India, is simultaneously a struggle for power wherein people (mostly women) negotiate the social cleavages clustering around the dynamics of water, gender and caste in their daily lives. But water, in a caste society, is not just a physical entity. Though in absolute space, water, has a boundary but at the relative and relational level, caste subjectivities and consciousness challenge these boundaries. This paper is an exploration of the “spatiality of water” in a caste society and the many registers through which water becomes both the producer and carrier of caste – its principles of discrimination, ordering of bodies vis-à-vis natur...

  • Paper_SU08_Khumbah.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Khumbah, A. Lozaanba (2019)

  • Shifting agriculture is a keenly contested practice in India. There is widespread negative opinion of the practice in both academic and official circles. This stems largely from the perceived unsustainable production process when population density crosses a certain threshold. Increasing demographic pressure on forest land is expected to result in a breakdown of the fallow cycle leading to a vicious cycle of ecological destruction. In addition, the cutting and burning of forests is seen as highly destructive, especially in an era of climate change and global warming.

  • Paper_SU07_AMESHO.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Amesho, Kassian T. T; Edoun, Emmanuel Innocents; Kadhila, Timoteus; Nangombe, Lovisa R. (2019)

  • The Namibian energy sector, and other energy sectors around the world, are presently in a period of rapid transformation that must include meaningful responses to climate change. The energy sector will also need to implement adaptation solutions to ensure the resilience of critical infrastructure to meet its regulatory obligations of reliability, which include aspects of resilience and security. Furthermore, the specter of climate change directly affects the resilience of energy infrastructure to the impacts of resource shortages or extreme weather. Non-climate issues affecting energy security and resilience in Namibia include declining low- cost energy generation options, increasin...

  • Wi-Afedzi.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Bansah, J. K.; Yalley, A. B.; Duamkor-Dupey, N. K.; Sakyi-Addo, G. B.; Fosu, S; Wi-Afedzi, T.; McCarthy, J.; Owusu, C. K.; Agorhom, E. A.; Quaicou, I. (2019)

  • The Ghanaian artisanal small-scale mining (ASM) industry is well over 2,000 years old. No precise ASM employment data can be found for Ghana, although it is estimated that some 1,000,000 people are involved directly or indirectly in the extraction of gold and diamonds and thus about 60 per cent of the country’s mining labour force is employed at small-scale mines. In 1989, the Small Scale Gold Mining Law was introduced to help in improving the ASM activities and minimize associated environmental hazards. However, the sector continues to face significant environmental, safety, health and security challenges. These challenges have largely been attributed to lack of involvement of profes...

  • Paper_SU04_Hidalgo.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Hidalgo, Hanilyn A. (2019)

  • The informal food sector is regarded as a huge contributor in local economic development. However, since they directly get their supplies and raw materials from agricultural produce in the local markets, they become vulnerable to the uncertainties of nature. The study aimed to: describe the level of livelihood vulnerability of the informal food sector; identify the issues and opportunities of the informal food sector; and draw out policy implications that could enhance the livelihood resiliency of the informal food sector in Camarines Sur. The study used and modified the Livelihood Vulnerability framework of Hahn (2009) where seven indicators were used in determining the vulnerability...

  • Paper_SM15_Jamdade.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Jamdade, Sachin Balaji (2019)

  • Global value chain involves splitting up of the production by tasks such as design, marketing, manufacturing and branding. Indian economy has witnessed consumption-driven growth. The role of online retail firms is significant in development. However, the transnational online firms have outperformed the national rivals. Global value chain consists of an independent firm with contracted distribution. It has developed through highly uneven power relations and disintegration of ownership. The relative numbers of buyers and sellers in a segmented market that shape relative bargaining power within the value chain. The e-tail market constitutes most of the informal workforce. The focus of th...

  • Paper_SA08_Mandal.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Mandal, Malay (2019)

  • “Neo-Liberalism” is been a site of academic contestations since its emergence as new form of embedded liberalism in the 1950s and 60s. This neo-liberalism has played a central role in the new economic processes towards the development of laissez faire economy with the combination of liberalist philosophy, is what Fredrick Hayek claims. Scholar like David Harvey‟s question, how was neoliberalism accomplished, and by whom, claims that the free market „deal‟ and economic ramification have negative impact on freedom, democracy and human rights, as it entails creative destruction and reshapes division of labour, social relations, welfare provisions, and ways of life and thought. Although n...

  • Paper_SA07_Munjal.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Munjal, Kunal (2019)

  • The study focused on the price policy only from the production aspects and not the distributional ones. The price policy has a dual working mechanism, where the other component of Public Distribution System has not been considered for analysis. The study provides a key points providing scope to delve into the food-grains production, procurement and distributional aspects of price policy. It is only after a comprehensive analysis of food-grains production and price policy that the questions of hunger, poverty and farm incomes can be concentrated with an-inclusive method of enquiry.

  • Paper_SA02_Arora.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Arora, Sunit (2019)

  • It is found that households falling in upper quintiles of asset ownership borrow more for income generating purposes as compared to borrowing for consumption. Also, these households have a higher share of institutional borrowing in comparison to the households falling in the lower quintile of asset ownership. Even though the share of noninstitutional lending in the rural credit market has declined, the role of professional money lenders has become more important. They now service one-third of the rural credit market in India as compared to 20 percent in 2002-03. As long as the benefits of the schemes to boost rural credit supply accrue disproportionately to the socially and ec...

Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 82

UEB - Conference Proceedings : [82]

Follow this collection to receive daily e-mail notification of new additions
Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 82
  • Singh.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Singh, M. (2019)

  • The system building activities for TB diagnostic has evolved and growing in absolute size since the last one decade. Even though these are significant development and achievement, but there are issues that restrict the innovating actors to perform at optimal level as desired by the specific diagnostic needs of the country to achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in terms of healthcare of country. Since the incidence diseases and other health related components are not been addressed through the development of a fully-fledged health innovation system, there is a need to examine the nature and case of various perceived weakness and challenges inherent in the system to meet...

  • UR03_Verma.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Verma, Abhinav (2019)

  • This paper on spatial economic relationships explores the possibility that the formal and informal sectors of an economy are deeply interconnected through buyer-supplier networks and through agglomeration effects. Looking at data on Indian manufacturing, this paper investigates employment and productivity linkages between formal and informal firms and refutes the classical theory of Economic Dualism. Linkages are estimated by using National Sample Survey and Annual Survey of Industries datasets that contemporaneously survey the informal and formal economy respectively at a nationally representative level. Data from 2001 and 2005 is used, and the unit of analysis is at the stat...

  • UR02_Sharma.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Sharma, A. (2019)

  • On October 2, 2014, the Government of India launched a mass campaign called the ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’ (often abbreviated as SBM and loosely translated as Clean India Mission), a major objective of which is to make India ‗open defecation free‘ (hereafter ODF) by 2019. The genealogy of the SBM goes back to the centrally sponsored Rural Sanitation Programme (1986- 1999), followed by the Total Sanitation Campaign (1999-2012), which was replaced by the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (2012-2014). The rationale that has been suggested behind the restructuring and scaling up of the previous mission is to thrust new life into the sanitation programme in order to significantly improve upon the ...

  • UR06_Sinha.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Sinha, Bhavya (2019)

  • The process of capitalist development has been instigated with phased liberalization in increasing doses, particularly with the opening of the domestic economy from the 1980s onwards. Over time, and with increased liberalization, the concept of development has lost its socialist connotations and been collapsed with economic growth; economic growth, in turn, has become a ‘public purpose’ for which social costs are reasoned to be incurred (Levien, 2013). The capitalization of space, in the form of protected enclaves for export production such as SEZs and industrial corridors, has become rhetorical of growth and development in India (Singh, 2012).

  • Paper_SU19_Fardoush.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Fardoush, Zannatul; Zaman, Kazi Arif Uz (2019)

  • Energy security, over the years, is becoming a major apprehension for the policymakers in most of the countries. Limitation of the key resources and commodities in the increasingly demanded globalized energy market pose greater challenges, especially for the growing economies. Comprehensive analyzing and quantifying of the dimensions of energy security risks and their nexus with other policy agendas like the economic growth and governance at the national, regional, and international level would be the key to formulate the strategies in this challenging scenario. Using the International Index of Energy Security Risk (IIESR), this paper attempts to analyze the challenges of energ...

  • Paper_SU18_Jyothiprakash.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Jyothiprakash, Varun; Balachandra, P. (2019)

  • The present research analyses the potential and techno-economic challenges associated with developing hybrid parabolic trough collector solar thermal-biomass energy systems in India. The study assesses the energy requirements of India and contextualizes the discussion on western region. As India is an agricultural country, the biomass resource is abundant. The country is also endowed with abundant solar irradiance. Given this, the first part of the study deals with assessing the potential of hybrid energy system based on the annual average solar irradiance and the surplus biomass residue. The second and the final part of the paper presents the economic assessment of hybrid energ...

  • Paper_SU17_Aziz.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Aziz, Tarak; Akter, Sonia; Brouwer, Roy; Beukering, Pieter J.H. van; French, Laura; Silver, Efrath; Choudhury, Saria; Aziz, Syeda Salina (2019)

  • This study reveals that the two main reasons why respondents refused to participate in the insurance scheme are due to income constraints was also less familiar with the concept of insurance than others (Chi square = 81, p<0.001), whereas respondents who did not want to participate in the insurance programme because they disliked the terms and conditions were more familiar with insurance than other respondents (Chi square = 11, p<0.001).This study furthermore detects a significant positive relationship

  • Paper_SU13_Uledi.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Uledi, Peter (2019)

  • The paper argues that a command economy in a country faced with a crisis will only further worsen the crisis than arrest it. Zimbabwe has been faced with a food crisis in the past decade causing food insecurity and insufficiency. The government introduced the command agriculture scheme in 2014 in an attempt to attaining food self-sufficiency. The paper uses a cause study approach of the Chegutu farming area in understanding, how central planning can affect certain developments. Agreeing with James Scott in His book seeing like a state, a command economy pays a blind eye to the abilities of the governed, their rational, knowledge and at times capacity. The government of Zimbabwe engage...

  • Paper_SU10_Singh.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Singh, Manish Kumar (2019)

  • Poverty is a wicked phenomenon for the society and its reduction has always remained a central objective among the policymakers. It is evident from various available literatures and researches that economic growth has been used as a major instrument to reduce poverty. India, in the recent few years has been growing at a remarkable rate accompanied with reduction in poverty, but it is a major issue of concern among the policymakers that whether these growth rates are increasing the inequality, whether this growth is pro-poor or not? This paper examined the impact of growth and inequality on poverty reduction and estimating the pro-poor growth index and poverty equivalent growth rate fo...

  • Paper_SU09_Marwah Malhotra.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Malh, Madhavi Marwah (2019)

  • With high arsenic contamination of groundwater in West Bengal much beyond permissible limits for irrigation water, and institutional measures aimed at enhancing groundwater pumping to meet the growing food requirements in the country, the long-run sustainability of agricultural production and farmers’ livelihoods in arsenic affected areas are under threat. This study undertakes a comparison of the net incomes of farmers earned from crop production between arsenic affected and non- arsenic affected areas’ agricultural situation. To analyse the differences in the agricultural situation in detail, the non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test for comparing two samples is used. In conclus...

  • Paper_SU15_Sarkar.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Sarkar, Soma (2019)

  • Struggle for water, in a caste-based society like India, is simultaneously a struggle for power wherein people (mostly women) negotiate the social cleavages clustering around the dynamics of water, gender and caste in their daily lives. But water, in a caste society, is not just a physical entity. Though in absolute space, water, has a boundary but at the relative and relational level, caste subjectivities and consciousness challenge these boundaries. This paper is an exploration of the “spatiality of water” in a caste society and the many registers through which water becomes both the producer and carrier of caste – its principles of discrimination, ordering of bodies vis-à-vis natur...

  • Paper_SU08_Khumbah.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Khumbah, A. Lozaanba (2019)

  • Shifting agriculture is a keenly contested practice in India. There is widespread negative opinion of the practice in both academic and official circles. This stems largely from the perceived unsustainable production process when population density crosses a certain threshold. Increasing demographic pressure on forest land is expected to result in a breakdown of the fallow cycle leading to a vicious cycle of ecological destruction. In addition, the cutting and burning of forests is seen as highly destructive, especially in an era of climate change and global warming.

  • Paper_SU07_AMESHO.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Amesho, Kassian T. T; Edoun, Emmanuel Innocents; Kadhila, Timoteus; Nangombe, Lovisa R. (2019)

  • The Namibian energy sector, and other energy sectors around the world, are presently in a period of rapid transformation that must include meaningful responses to climate change. The energy sector will also need to implement adaptation solutions to ensure the resilience of critical infrastructure to meet its regulatory obligations of reliability, which include aspects of resilience and security. Furthermore, the specter of climate change directly affects the resilience of energy infrastructure to the impacts of resource shortages or extreme weather. Non-climate issues affecting energy security and resilience in Namibia include declining low- cost energy generation options, increasin...

  • Wi-Afedzi.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Bansah, J. K.; Yalley, A. B.; Duamkor-Dupey, N. K.; Sakyi-Addo, G. B.; Fosu, S; Wi-Afedzi, T.; McCarthy, J.; Owusu, C. K.; Agorhom, E. A.; Quaicou, I. (2019)

  • The Ghanaian artisanal small-scale mining (ASM) industry is well over 2,000 years old. No precise ASM employment data can be found for Ghana, although it is estimated that some 1,000,000 people are involved directly or indirectly in the extraction of gold and diamonds and thus about 60 per cent of the country’s mining labour force is employed at small-scale mines. In 1989, the Small Scale Gold Mining Law was introduced to help in improving the ASM activities and minimize associated environmental hazards. However, the sector continues to face significant environmental, safety, health and security challenges. These challenges have largely been attributed to lack of involvement of profes...

  • Paper_SU04_Hidalgo.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Hidalgo, Hanilyn A. (2019)

  • The informal food sector is regarded as a huge contributor in local economic development. However, since they directly get their supplies and raw materials from agricultural produce in the local markets, they become vulnerable to the uncertainties of nature. The study aimed to: describe the level of livelihood vulnerability of the informal food sector; identify the issues and opportunities of the informal food sector; and draw out policy implications that could enhance the livelihood resiliency of the informal food sector in Camarines Sur. The study used and modified the Livelihood Vulnerability framework of Hahn (2009) where seven indicators were used in determining the vulnerability...

  • Paper_SM15_Jamdade.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Jamdade, Sachin Balaji (2019)

  • Global value chain involves splitting up of the production by tasks such as design, marketing, manufacturing and branding. Indian economy has witnessed consumption-driven growth. The role of online retail firms is significant in development. However, the transnational online firms have outperformed the national rivals. Global value chain consists of an independent firm with contracted distribution. It has developed through highly uneven power relations and disintegration of ownership. The relative numbers of buyers and sellers in a segmented market that shape relative bargaining power within the value chain. The e-tail market constitutes most of the informal workforce. The focus of th...

  • Paper_SA08_Mandal.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Mandal, Malay (2019)

  • “Neo-Liberalism” is been a site of academic contestations since its emergence as new form of embedded liberalism in the 1950s and 60s. This neo-liberalism has played a central role in the new economic processes towards the development of laissez faire economy with the combination of liberalist philosophy, is what Fredrick Hayek claims. Scholar like David Harvey‟s question, how was neoliberalism accomplished, and by whom, claims that the free market „deal‟ and economic ramification have negative impact on freedom, democracy and human rights, as it entails creative destruction and reshapes division of labour, social relations, welfare provisions, and ways of life and thought. Although n...

  • Paper_SA07_Munjal.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Munjal, Kunal (2019)

  • The study focused on the price policy only from the production aspects and not the distributional ones. The price policy has a dual working mechanism, where the other component of Public Distribution System has not been considered for analysis. The study provides a key points providing scope to delve into the food-grains production, procurement and distributional aspects of price policy. It is only after a comprehensive analysis of food-grains production and price policy that the questions of hunger, poverty and farm incomes can be concentrated with an-inclusive method of enquiry.

  • Paper_SA02_Arora.pdf.jpg
  • Conference Paper


  • Authors: Arora, Sunit (2019)

  • It is found that households falling in upper quintiles of asset ownership borrow more for income generating purposes as compared to borrowing for consumption. Also, these households have a higher share of institutional borrowing in comparison to the households falling in the lower quintile of asset ownership. Even though the share of noninstitutional lending in the rural credit market has declined, the role of professional money lenders has become more important. They now service one-third of the rural credit market in India as compared to 20 percent in 2002-03. As long as the benefits of the schemes to boost rural credit supply accrue disproportionately to the socially and ec...

Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 82